Scania said the coach, powered by liquid biogas (LBG), will reduce climate impact and contribute to fossil-free transport between the two Nordic capitals.
Biogas is currently used in compressed form mainly by city buses, cars and light transport vehicles, but has so far been less competitive for heavy long-distance vehicles. In recent years, technology has been developed to cool the biogas to around minus 160 degrees Celsius so that it becomes liquid and thus more energy-dense. This opens up the possibility of using the gas for, among other things, heavy transport, both by land and by sea.
The availability of biogas will improve quickly throughout Europe, especially as the EU decided to make fuelling points available along the main European road networks (TEN-T).
“As the first long-distance coach powered by biogas, this is probably the most sustainable coach solution today,” says Johan Ekberg, Head of Scania’s Customer Unit.
The benefits of liquid biogas are many: it’s fossil-free, renewable, locally produced and reduces emissions. By switching to locally produced liquid biogas as fuel in long-distance trucks or buses, operators reduce both their own and their customers’ climate impact by more than 90 per cent. Air quality in general is also positively affected by reduced emissions of particles and nitrogen oxides (NOx), and the quieter vehicles benefit both drivers and passengers, and the society at large.
“Biogas is not only the fuel with the lowest CO2 emissions – it also solves local waste problems, creates local jobs and brings carbon and nutrients back to the soil. It is the Swiss Army Knife of circular economy,” says Jonas Strömberg, Sustainability Director at Scania.
Already today, 17 percent of Europe’s gas grid is biogas, and its rising rapidly, actively contributing to CO2 emission cuts. In Sweden’s vehicle gas grid the biogas share is a staggering 95%.
“Biogas will be one of the key tools for decarbonization of heavy-duty transport – especially for long-distance operations like intercity and long-haulage. Half of Europe’s heavy-duty gas fleet could be powered by biogas in 2025,” Jonas Strömberg concludes.