The word Ujjayi Pranayama is derived from the Sanskrit word “Ujjayi,” which means to conquer. Practising this kind of breathing may improve concentration, release tension throughout the body, regulate the internal temperature of the body and promote lungs function. In this breathing technique, you have to take a deep breath from both the nostrils and half-closed glottis.
How to do it:
Step 1: Sit down on the ground in any meditative pose keeping your eyes closed and spine neutral.
Step 2: Take long breaths in and out through your mouth, feeling the air passing through your windpipe.
Step 3: Once you are comfortable with your exhales, contract the back of your throat to constrict the passage of air. Your throat will start making a rushing noise while breathing.
Step 4: Once you are comfortable with exhaling, constrict the throat the same way while inhaling.
Step 5: When you can contract your throat while both inhaling and exhaling, close the mouth and start breathing through the nose.
Step 6: Fill your lungs, hold your breath for a while and then exhale.