BMC ELECTIONS 2022: Mumbai, the capital city of Maharashtra, has two main development bodies that work for the infrastructural development in the city. The first is the Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation (BMC) and the second is the Mumbai Metropolitan Region Development Authority (MMRDA).
What Are They?
Brihanmumbai is the civic governing body that oversees the development projects being initiated in the capital city. Also known as the Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai, the BMC is responsible for providing the citizens with all civic amenities.
The Mumbai Metropolitan Region Development Authority is a body that is responsible for the development of the Mumbai Metropolitan Region (MMR). The MMR comprises Mumbai and several satellite towns – Thane, Navi Mumbai, Dombivali, and Ambernath, among others – in the state of Maharashtra. The MMRDA is responsible for the planning and development of these metropolitan regions surrounding, and including Mumbai.
When Were They Created?
BMC, although formed in 1805, officially came into existence in 1865 and was led by Sir Arthur Crawford. In 1873, the first elections were held and a total of 64 members found a place in the administration. In 1888, the Mumbai Municipal Corporation Act added more weight to the credibility of the corporation. It was not until 1952 that the BMC became a fully elected body.
The MMRDA was formed in accordance with the Mumbai Metropolitan Development Act of 1974. The authority was established on January 26, 1975. The MMRDA was given the role of engaging in long-term planning and sustainable development of the Mumbai Metropolitan Region.
Roles And Responsibilities
BMC is responsible for the maintenance of roads and flyovers, sanitation and health, garbage collection and disposal, water supply, etc. The civic body is also responsible for setting up building norms and maintaining records of property. In addition, the maintenance of public places, including beaches, also comes under the duties of the BMC.
MMRDA is responsible for preparing regional development plans, financing the projects, and executing coordination between multiple players associated with the project, including the local authorities of the place. The authority is also responsible for developing new growth centres and improving sectors such as transport, water supply, housing etc, in the Mumbai Metropolitan Region.